In Hay (1993) I presented a C4P5A3 donkey bridge (Townsend, 1994) for analysing group processes, is a development of the year I heard first from Landy Gobes at a conference, and which she later published (Gobes, 1993). Landy had C4P4 – “Checklist-(Contact, Contract, Context, Content, Process, Parallel process, Professional level of development, and Plan for the future)” (p. 42). I renamed and added some to get more focus on what emerges, so in 1993 I had a C4 -contact, contract, content, context; P5 – processing, professional, psychological, parallel, power; and A3 – autonomy, alternative’s, action.
I added that we cannot keep all of these in mind at once that they can be considered roughly chronologically. “C4 relates to what is happening as the group starts up. P5 applies once the group has moved into its ‘business’, and A3 is relevant as the group finishes a task or meeting.” (p.11).
By the time I wrote Hay (2009), I had arrived at C5P5A5 and I was relating it to the process of supervision. Then in Hay (2012, p.55) I applied this to group processes as follows:
Gobes, Landy (1993) C4P4: A Consultation Checklist Transactional Analysis Journal 23:1 42-44
Hay, Julie (1993) C4P5A3: A Donkey Bridge for Group Processes Groupvine Winter 11-12
Hay, Julie (2009) Transactional Analysis for Trainers 2nd edition Hertford: Sherwood Publishing
Hay, Julie (2012) Donkey Bridges for Developmental TA 2nd edit Hertford: Sherwood Publishing
Searles, Harold F. (1955) The Informational Value of the Supervisor’s Emotional Experiences Psychiatry Vol 18 pp. 135-146 (later reproduced in Collected Papers on Schizophrenia and Related Subjects, H. F. Searles, Karnac Books 1965)
Townsend, John (1994) Making Messages Memorable Training and Development January
© 2018 Julie Hay
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