As I wrote in my last blog, I defined ‘developmental alliance’ and provided a diagram (below) to contrast the different perspectives between traditional mentoring, developmental alliances, coaching and counselling. As I wrote about these (Hay, 1995a), I was thinking about how these approaches are usually used within an organisation – not necessarily about how psychotherapeutic counselling or life coaching or similar would necessarily be conducted. Within an organisational context, I think that we could say that:
Later (Hay, 1997) I challenged an article by Nykodym, Freedman, Simonetti, Nielsen & Battles (1995) in the Transactional Analysis Journal that emphasised traditional mentoring, which for me often results in a dependency style of operation. I used the concepts of three-cornered contracts (English, 1975) and psychological distances (Micholt, 1992) to illustrate this. I also added in links to other TA concepts such as the four-cornered contract to include the manager of the mentee, the discount matrix (Schiff & Contributors, 1975) and the Steps to Success (Hay, 1995b), working styles (Hay, 2009) and drivers (Kahler & Capers (1974) , stroking patterns and AP3 (Hay, 1995b). Then, in Hay (1998) I pointed out that organisations vary so their mentoring schemes will need to vary accordingly. A very hierarchical organisation may need to retain a traditional mentoring format whereas one that has flattened and outsourced may suit a developmental alliance. Hybrid versions may also be appropriate, and it may be worth considering whether the organisation needs to gradually move from one format to another as the culture changes.
English, Fanita (1975) The three-cornered contract Transactional Analysis Journal 5:4 383-384
Hay, Julie (1995a) Transformational Mentoring: Creating Developmental Alliances for Changing Organizational Cultures Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill, republished Watford: Sherwood 1999
Hay, Julie (1995b) Donkey Bridges for Developmental Transactional Analysis Watford: Sherwood
Hay, Julie (1997) Transformational Mentoring: Using Transactional Analysis to Make a Difference Transactional Analysis Journal 27:3 158-167
Hay, Julie (1998) Mentoring: Traditional versus Developmental Organisations & People 5:3 22-26
Hay, Julie (2009) Transactional Analysis for Trainers 2nd edition Hertford: Sherwood Publishing
Kahler Taibi & Capers, Hedges (1974) The miniscript Transactional Analysis Journal, 4:1 26-42
Micholt, Nelly (1992) Psychological Distance and Group Intervention Transactional Analysis Journal 22:4 228-233
Nykodym, Nick, Freedman, Lucy, Simonetti, J L, Nielsen, W R & Battles, K (1995) Mentoring: Using transactional analysis to help organizational
members use their energy and more productive ways Transactional Analysis Journal 25:2 170-179
Schiff, Jacqui & Contributors (1975) Cathexis Reader New York: Harper & Row
© 2018 Julie Hay
Julie is a fan of open access publishing so feel free to reproduce any of these blogs as long as you still attribute it to her.