Over the years, many people have asked me where they can read about specific ideas of mine, and my regular students have nagged me for references. Hence, here at last is the first of a series of blogs that will highlight one of my original TA ideas or contributions, show where it first appeared in print, and sometimes also show where it has been updated or developed further.
Refracted transaction, to be added to Berne’s complementary, crossed and ulterior, was first mentioned in print in 1986, in the ITA News, within a report written by Vivienne Gill about various presentations within a TA in Education conference run on 16 November 1985, which included the paragraph and diagram below:
More recently, it has featured with more explanation and a more detailed diagram in Hay (2009) as follows:
“Refracted transactions, as shown in Figure 4.11, are often seen in organisations, especially when a new employee arrives:
Figure 4.11 A Refracted Transaction
Gill, V (1986) TA in Education ITA News, No. 13 p.1
Hay. J (2009) Transactional Analysis for Trainers Hertford: Sherwood Publishing
© 2017 Julie Hay
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